The influence of waste powder on compressive strength of high calcium fly ash geopolymer mortar after exposure to sodium sulfatesolution

  • ธวัชชัย โทอินทร์ สาขาครุศาสตร์อุตสาหกรรมโยธา คณะครุศาสตร์อุตสาหกรรม มหาวิทยาลัยเทคโนโลยีราชมงคลอีสาน วิทยาเขตขอนแก่น
  • Seangsuree Pangdang
  • Suban Phonkasi
  • Thoetkiat Wichaiyo


This objective of this study is to utilize recycled waste powder as a partial replacement fly ash of the high calcium
geopolymer mortar to develop a sustainable geopolymer materials. The recycled waste powder is 1) milled container glass
(CP), 2) milled high calcium fly ash geopolymer concrete waste (GCP), and 3) milled conventional concrete waste (CCP). Two
recycled waste powder replacement ratio were selected for geopolymer mortar preparation (0%, 20%, and 40% by weight).
The effect of recycled waste powder on geopolymer mortar was studied by compressive strength and 10% sodium sulfate
solution at 7, 14, 28, 56, 90, and 120 days. Sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate were used as activated solutions. The
alkaline liquid to binder ratio was 0.75 and that of sodium silicate to sodium hydroxide was 1.0. All samples were cured at
60±2 °C for 48 h and held at 23±2 °C until testing. The results show that the compressive strength of controlled mortar
increases with increasing concentration of sodium hydroxide solution. The compressive strength increases for 56 days and
then decreases after exposure to 10%sodium sulfate solution. In addition, the results indicated that the high amount of
recycled concrete powder can affect the sulfate resistance, while container glass powder can promote the utilization of waste
powder on the sulfate attack of geopolymer mortar due to filler effect.